December 26, 2018
Give me blood , I will give you freedom.
—– Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
Mother India has produced many a great son who has created new history. Subhas Chandra Bose was one of them. He was a great patriot and brave freedom fighter of India. Subhas Chandra Bose is the symbol of burning patriotism and vibrant nationalism , who sacrificed his all for the sake of our country, for the freedom of the whole Nation.
Subhas Chandra Bose is a house hold name in India. Every child in India knows about him and his inspiring works for the freedom movement of India. Born to the Indian Hindu family in Cuttack, Orissa on January 23rd in 1897, Subhas was a bright student from his very childhood who started his schooling in the Protestant European School and then shifted to the Ravenshaw Collegiate School. Beni Madhab Das, the headmaster, understood what a genius Subhas was ! The teacher had a great influence on him. His early education was completed in his hometown, however, after securing the 2nd position in the matriculation exam., in 1913, he got admitted to the Presidency College where he studied for a short time. Because of his protest against Professor Oaten who made offensive anti-Indian comment, Subhas was expelled from Presidency College. He later joined the Scottish Church College with the help of Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee , and passed his B.A. in philosophy in the year 1918. After that, his father Janakinath Bose advised him to sit for ICS exam. So, he went to England and passed the Indian Civil Service Examination with 4th position.
From his boyhood he was generous and broad minded, and was very sympathetic to the poor and the downtrodden countrymen. The seed of patriotism was sown in him at a very early age. The sacrifice of his life by Kshudiram Bose deeply moved Subhas in his childhood. When he was grown up he decided to become a ‘ sanyasi’, but there he noticed bare narrowness of castism among them. He was so upset and realised that unless the Nation is independent, the mind of countrymen will not be free from such narrowness of castism and superstitions. He was also very disappointed with the miserable conditions of the countrymen because of cruel and ruthless torture of the Britishers.
So, when he was back in India in 1921, he decided to join the nationalist movement, instead of civil service, to help his countrymen get Freedom from British Rules. He was deeply influenced by the nationalist patriot Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das who was his political mentor (Guru).
He founded the newspaper “Swaraj” and took himself the charge of publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee. In 1923, Bose was elected the President of All India Youth Congress and also the Secretary of Bengal State Congress. In 1927, Bose became general secretary of the Congress party and worked for independence. In 1928, Bose organised the Annual Meeting of the Indian National Congress in Calcuttaand. By 1938 Bose had become a leader of national stature and became the President of Indian National Congress. Later in 1939, he was elected president again over Gandhi’s preferred candidate Pattabhi Sitaramayya. However, he left the party because of the opinion difference with Mahatma Gandhi in 1939. After leaving the congress party, he set up his own All India Forward Bloc party.
He believed that non-violence movement is not enough to get freedom from the ruthless British rule so he took up violence movement to free India. On the outbreak of the Second World War, Bose advocated a campaign of mass civil disobedience to protest against Viceroy Lord Linlithgow as he declared war on behalf of India without consulting the Congress leaders. He was put in jail by the British, but soon was released after a seven-day hunger strike. Then Bose was kept in a house internment in his Elgin Road house in Calcutta under the CID.
He went away from India to Germany via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union and then Japan where he took the leadership of Indian National Army, also known as Azad Hind Fauj established by Rasbihari Bose. INA was an armed force formed by the Indian nationalist in southeast Asia including Indian prisoners of war in 1942. The Rani of Jhansi Regiment,a separate women’s unit of INA, named after Rani Lakshmi Bai, was headed by Capt. Lakshmi Swaminathan. In 1943, Rash Behari Bose handed over the control of the organisation to Subhas Chandra Bose at a meeting in Singapore. Subhas gave slogans to his army — “Delhi Chalo” and “Jai Hind”. He had inspired his army men through his great words , “Give me blood and I will give you freedom” to make his motherland free from the British rule.
It is considered that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose died in a plane crash. When his overloaded Japanese plane the bomber crashed in Formosa (now Taiwan); and he received third degree burns he died on 18th August, 1945. Some Indians, however, did not believe that the crash had occurred, with many among them, especially in Bengal. The bad news of his death had ended all the hopes of his Indian National Army. Even after the controversy regarding his death, he is still alive with his vibrant nationalism in the heart of Indian people as an everlasting symbol of patriotism. The great works and contributions of Netaji have been marked as a glorious episiode in the Indian history